Leo XIII is considered the father of modern Catholic social teaching. Yet Leo’s influence was much greater. After the loss of the papal states, Leo re-oriented the papacy toward an evangelical engagement with the world. His work on the social order emphasized the Christian disciple’s role in “ruling” the temporal spheres entrusted to him. In a time when secular liberal states are infected with totalitarian impulses, Leo’s vision is very timely.
- Edited by John Witte, Jr. and Frank S. Alexander. Introduction by Russell Hittinger, The Teachings of Modern Roman Catholicism on Law, Politics, and Human Nature. (Columbia 2007)
- Anthony Esolen, Reclaiming Catholic Social Teaching. (Sophia Institute Press, 2014)
- Raymond J. de Souza. “Two Popes” in First Things, October 2003.