This session examines the modern foundations of Christian social thought in two major traditions: Reformed and Roman Catholic. At the end of the nineteenth century, the Dutch Calvinist churchman and statesman Abraham Kuyper and Pope Leo XIII published significant texts that set the stage for the next century and beyond of Christian social reflection. Ranging from principles like solidarity and subsidiarity, to sphere sovereignty and stewardship, these thinkers spoke insightfully to their own times, and provide significant guidance to our own reflection today.
- Clifford B. Anderson and Kenneth Woodrow Hale. “Meeting Together for the Good of the World: Christian Social Congresses Tried to Transform the Economic Order.” Christian History, no. 104 (2013): 29–32.
- Jonathan Chaplin, “Subsidiarity and Sphere Sovereignty: Catholic and Reformed Conceptions of the Role of the State.” In Things Old and New: Catholic Social Teaching Revisited, edited by Francis P. McHugh and Samuel M. Natale, 175–202. (University Press of America, 1993)
- Pierpaolo Donati, “What Does ‘Subsidiarity’ Mean? The Relational Perspective.” Journal of Markets & Morality 12, no. 2 (Fall 2009): 211–43.
- David H. McIlroy, “Subsidiarity and Sphere Sovereignty: Christian Reflections on the Size, Shape, and Scope of Government.” Journal of Church and State 45, no 4. (Autumn 2003): 739–763.
- Mark A Noll. “A Century of Christian Social Thought.” Journal of Markets & Morality 5, no. 1 (Spring 2002): 137–156.
- Kent A. Van Til, “Subsidiarity and Sphere-Sovereignty: A Match Made in…?” Theological Studies 69, no. 4 (2008): 610–636.